Sacred trees and plants in Hinduism

Banyan tree

Our ancient scriptures mention the Kalpavriksha and the Chaityavriksha as a deity, which indicates that worshipping trees is indeed an ancient Indian practice. The Ancient Aryans worshipped nature. Plants, trees and the other elements were always revered and several rituals were connected to them.


It is a form of Basil and is sometimes called the Holy Basil. It is very important in Hindu mythology as the goddess consort of Lord Vishnu.


It is also called the Sacred Fig or the Bodhi Tree. It was a peepal tree under which Buddha had meditated and gained enlightenment. It is considered the king of the trees in Hinduism and is obviously very important in Buddhism too.


Banyan tree is the third most significant plant in Hindu religion. There is usually a temple or shrine below every banyan tree. Or you’ll find banyan trees near temples.

Ashoka Tree

The Ashoka tree is a small evergreen rainforest tree that has beautiful and fragrant red and yellow flowers. It is considered to be a sacred tree in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. The tree used to be a centrepiece in every palatial garden in India.


The Sandalwood is another plant that is considered holy and is used in worship rituals all over India. It is related to Lord Dharukavaneshwara.
Parijaat Tree, Kintoor

This is a unique addition to this list as the Parijaat tree is not the name of a whole species but one specific tree in Kintoor in Uttar Pradesh. It is a unique male tree of the baobab genus. These trees are found in some arid parts of Africa and Australia and are very rare unique and antique trees.