The beef was found in a temple situated in Doranda locality on Friday night, prompting the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) and Bajrang Dal members to give a call for a shutdown with their supporters trying to forcibly close the shops.
Clashes between VHP workers and others left a few people injured. Tyres were burnt at many places in Ranchi, police said.
Parents were informed by schools to collect their children from school because of the stone pelting and burning of tyres.
Chief Minister Raghubar Das`s convoy, heading towards the airport to pick him up, was also stopped by the bandh supporters near Hino locality in Ranchi.
When Das returned to Ranchi from Jamshedpur, he met people and assured them of taking necessary action and providing free treatment to the injured.
The Chief Minister appealed to the people to maintain peace.
Prohibitory orders have been imposed in Ranchi.