Mainstream English words with Sanskrit Roots – Sheril Nath


Mainstream English words with Sanskrit Roots

Prati Shat (meaning for every hundred i.e percent)per centum (L)percent

Root Sanskrit Word Median Word in Latin(L) / Greek(G) / Arabic(A) Derived English Word
Gau (meaning Cow) Bous (G) Cow
Matr (meaning Mother) Mater (L) Mother
Jan (meaning Generation) Genea (G) Gene
Aksha (meaning Axis) Axon (G) Axis
Navagatha (meaning Navigation) Navigationem (L) Navigation
Sarpa (meaning Snake) Serpentem (L) Serpent
Naas (means Nose) Nasus (L) Nose
Anamika (means Anonymous) Anonymos (G) Anonymous
Naama (means Name) Nomen (L) Name
Manu (means First Human) ?? Man/Men/Human
Ashta (meaning Eight) Octo (L) Eight
Barbara (meaning Foreign) Barbaria (L) Barbarian
Dhama (meaning House) Domus (L) Domicile
Danta (meaning Teeth) Dentis (L) Dental
Dwar (meaning Door) Doru Door
Dasha (meaning Ten) Deca (G) Deca
Madhyam (meaning Medium) Medium (L) Medium
Kaal (meaning Time) Kalendae (L) Calendar
Kri (meaning To Do) Creatus (L) Create
Mishra (meaning Mix) Mixtus (L) Mix
Ma (meaning Me/My) Me (L) Me
Pithr (meaning Father) Pater (L) Father
Bhrathr (meaning Brother) Phrater (G) Brother
Loka (meaning Place) Locus (L) Locale
Maha (meaning Great) Magnus (L) Mega
Mala (meaning Dirt/Bad) Malus (L) Mal as in Malicious, Malnutrition, Malformed etc
Makshikaa (meaning Bee) Musca (L) (Meaning Fly) Mosquito
Mrta (meaning Dead) Mortis (L) Murder
Na (meaning No) Ne No
Nakta (meaning Night) Nocturnalis (L) Nocturnal
Paad (meaning Foot) Pedis (L) Ped as in Pedestrial, Pedal etc
Pancha (meaning Five) Pente (G) Penta, Five
Parah (meaning Remote) Pera (G) Far
Patha (meaning Path) Pathes (G) Path
Raja / Raya (meaning King) Regalis (L) Royal
Sama (meaning Similar) Similis (L) Similar
Sapta (meaning Seven) Septum (L) Seven
Sharkara (meaning Sugar) Succarum Sugar / Sucrose
Smi (meaning Smile) Smilen (L) Smile
SthaH (meaning Situated) Stare (L) (meaning To Stand) Stay
Svaad (meaning Tasty) Suavis (L) Sweet
Tha (meaning That) Talis (L) That
Tva (meaning Thee) Dih Thee
Vachas (meaning Speech) Vocem (L) Voice
Vahaami (meaning Carry) Vehere (meaning to Carry) (L) Vehicle
Vama / Vamati (meaning Vomit) Vomere (L) Vomit
Vastr (meaning Cloth) Vestire (L) Vest
Yauvana (meaning Youth) Juvenilis (L) Juvenile
Narangi (meaning Orange) Naranj Orange
Pippali (meaning Pepper) Piperi (G) Pepper
Chandana (meaning Sandalwood) Santalon (G) Sandalwood
Chandra (meaning Moon) Candela (L) (meaning light / torch) Candle
Chatur (meaning Four) Quartus (L) Quarter
Shunya (meaning Zero) Cipher (A) Zero
a (prefix meaning “not” ex: gochara – agochara) a (L)(G) (prefix meaning “not”) a (prefix meaning “not” ex: theiest-atheist
an (prefix meaning “not” ex: avashya – anavashya) un (L)(G) (prefix meaning “not”) un (prefix meaning “not” ex: do-undo
Arjuna (meaning Charm of Silver) Argentinum (L) Argentinum – Scientific Name of Silver
Nava (meaning New) Novus (L) Nova – New
Kafa (meaning Mucus) Coughen Cough
Mithya (meaning Lie) Mythos (G) Myth
Thri (meaning Three) Treis (G) Three
Mush (meaning Mouse) Mus (L) Mouse
Maragadum (meaning Emerald) Smaragdus (L) Emerald
Ghritam (meaning Ghee) ?? Ghee
Srgalah (meaning Jackal) Shagal (Persian) Jackal
Nila (meaning Dark Blue) Nilak (Persian) Lilac
Srgalah Shagal (Persian) Jackal
Man (Ma as in Malaysia) (meaning Mind) Mens (L) Mind
Upalah (meaning Precious Stone) Opalus (L) Opal
Vrihis (meaning Rice) Oriza (L) Rice
Upalah (meaning Precious Stone) Opalus (L) Opal
Barbar (meaning stammering) Barbaros (G) Barbarian
Jaanu (meaning knee) Genu (L) Knee
Sunu (meaning Son or Offspring) Sunu (German) Son
Ghas (meaning eat) Grasa (German) Grass
Samiti (meaning Committee) committere (L) Committee
Sama (meaning Same) Samaz (Proto Germanic) Same
Lubh (meaning Desire) Lubo (Latin and Proto Germanic) Love
Agni (meaning Fire) Ignis (L) Ignite
Hrt (meaning Heart) Herto (Proto Germanic) Heart
Yaana (meaning journey, wagon) Wagen (German) Van, Wagon
Nara (meaning Nerve) Nervus (L) Nerve, Nervous
They (th pronounced as in thunder, meaning they) Dei (Germanic) They
Prati (param) per (L) per
Prati Shat (meaning for every hundred, i.e percent) per centum (L) percent

 Samart (smart-samarthan)                                                               Smart

Uupper ( meaning upper)                                            Upper

Vikshan                                                                       Vision








sister-svásar, son-sūnú, daughter-duhitár, man-manu/manav, dental-dántam,


from Old Spanish cremesin, via Medieval Latin cremesinus from Arabic قرمز qirmiz “a kermes”, which is ultimately from Sanskrit कृमिज krmi-ja literally: “red dye produced by a worm.”[29]


from Greek κρόκος crocus, via Semitic languages (e.g. Hebrew כרכום karkōmAramaic ܟܟܘܪܟܟܡܡܐ kurkamaPersian and Arabic كركم kurkum, which mean saffron or saffron yellow.[30]); ultimately from Sanskrit कुङ्कुमं kunkumam.[31]


through Hindi: घी ultimately from Sanskrit: घृतं ghritam.


via Anglo-Indian shampoo and Hindi चाँपो champo probably from Sanskrit चपयति capayati, which means “kneads”


via Malay Singapura ultimately from Sanskrit सिंहपुरं Simhapuram, literally “the lion city”.



through Old French sucre, Italian zucchero, Medieval Latin succarum, Arabic: سكر sukkar and Persian: شکر shakar ultimately from Sanskrit शर्करा sharkara which means “ground or candied sugar” (originally “grit” or “gravel”), from proto-Dravidian

Cruel                           Krur(Sanskrit)





I would like to present here a list of some interesting similarities between Sanskrit and English  words which I  have collected working on my dictionary. Some of these are genuine cognates, others are just funny coincidences.  I have not sorted them out and leave to the readers the pleasure of guessing  which are genuine cognates and which are the false ones :). See also the list of Russian-Sanskrit cognate verbs.

Transliteration crash course: ā, ī, ū – long sounds;  = ri (a short   similar to Rus. soft рь/r‘); c=chj similar to j in “jam”;    similar to shś  a subtler sort of sh, closer to German /ch/  as in  ich .

ass āsa  seat,  the lower part of the body, behind, posteriors
attic aṭṭaka   an apartment on the roof
bumblebee bambhara   a bee
char cūr to burn
cruel krūra cruel, fierce, ferocious, pitiless, harsh
dumb imbha an idiot, an infant
estate astatāti  home
genuine jenya  genuine, true
hunter hant  a slayer, killer
cook kuka  a cook
litter lita  broken, torn asunder asunder, scattered, dispersed, destroyed
little liya  to be little
look lok  to see, behold, perceive
mad mad  to rejoice, be glad,exult, delight or revel in, be drunk (also fig.)
mass masa measure, weight
meet mith to unite, pair, couple, meet (as friend or antagonist)
money ma jewel, gem, pearl (also fig.)
omen oman  help, protection
overlook avalok   to look upon or at, view, behold, see, notice, observe
owl ālu an owl
pence paasa  a commodity , an article of sale or commerce
posh poa thriving, prosperity, abundance, wealth, growth, increase
press pre to drive on, urge, impel, send forth
proud prauha   proud, arrogant, confident, bold, audacious, impudent
rite rīti general course or way, usage, custom, practice, method, manner
sad sāda  sinking down, exhaustion, weariness
saint santa true, real, actual, genuine, sincere, honest, truthful, faithful, pure, virtuous, good, successful, effectual, valid
scale sakala consisting of parts, divisible
shallow śarāva  a shallow cup, dish, plate, platter
shock śoka sorrow, affliction, anguish, pain, trouble, grief for
Sir sūri a learned man, sage
smart samartha very strong or powerful, competent, capable of. able to
spy spaś  one who looks or beholds, a watcher, spy
stale sthālika the smell of faeces
stupor,stupid sthāpita caused or made to stand, fixed
swear sv  (also written {svar})  to utter a sound, sound, resound
jump jhampa  a jump
urge ūrj  to strengthen, invigorate
use yuj to make ready, prepare, arrange, fit out, set to work, use, employ
wax vak  to grow, increase, be strong or powerful
win van to conquer, win, become master of, possess
wish vaś  to desire, wish, long for, be fond of, like
toll tul  to lift up, raise
toss tas to throw
union yūni  connection, union
urgent ūrjita  endowed with strength or power, important
vest veṣṭ   to dress, to wrap up, envelop, enclose, surround, cover, invest, beset
wage vāja the prize of a race or of battle, booty, gain, reward
wagon vahana   a square chariot with a pole
varnish var  to paint, colour, dye.
wed voha  led home married
zebra śabara   variegated, brindled




In Russian also, there are uncanny similarities with Sanskrit. Infact, fire in Russian is called Agni!

Hi, the post is nice in detail..I am not sure whether even numbers like two (dvi),three (thri), penta (pancha), septa (sapta),six(shash,shan),octo (ashta), nine (nava), decimal (dasa),etc..were more common. Also some are some similarities like new-neo (naveen), nose (naashi), eye (aksha), hand (hasth), man (manu).. Even the zodiac symbols used in greek-latin system (aries,taurus,etc..) were strikingly similar with sanskrit zodiacs (mesha, rishab,etc..)

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